In 2006, the Anindilyakwa Indigenous Protected Area (IPA) was declared over Groote Eylandt, Bickerton Island and surrounding islands in the archipelago. In 2016, traditional owners successfully extended the IPA to include approximately 7,000km2 of the local marine environment. The Anindilyakwa IPA now covers an area of approximately 10,000km2.
The land and sea within the IPA has significant conservation value and features various sacred places, songlines and traditional resources that are valued by traditional owners. Both customary and contemporary practices are thus essential in the successful management of the IPA.
The Anindilyakwa Rangers, under direction by a representative body of senior traditional owners, are responsible for the ongoing management of both the land and sea. An Advisory Committee, that includes representatives from various industry, research and land management groups, also provides direction to the Land and Sea Management unit.